News & Blogs you want to read!
Missing out? You keep hearing about what a great time your friends had at Wine Wednesday, the new wine class they just took, how they got to taste wine before it was released, and how they bought up the last of a vintage? Don't miss out anymore. We want you in our inner group!
Welcome to the 40 Knots Vineyard & Estate Winery blogs. Here is where we will be highlighting events and news from around the winery. Keep up to date of the latest trends, the happenings of the winery, learn how we farm and make wine, and get the inside scoop of our new releases and events.
Layne Robert Craig
Aging wine in the cellar before bottling is a process that takes patience, diligence and the knowledge of one’s terroir. Grapes grown in cooler climate regions will need a different aging process than those from warmer climates. The trick for quality though is to know which vessel suits which varietal, and how long each one needs to rest before bottling. In the 40 Knots cellar, we age our wine in three different vessels: Amphorae, french oak and stainless steel tanks.
Remnants of these ceramic style terra cotta pots have been spotted as far back as 6000 BC, with archaeologist having found remains in the Republic of Georgia. Once the amphorae reached the Mediterranean, ancient Greek’s and Romans used them as the main transportation and storage of wine. A huge benefit of amphorae is the stabilization of temperature through exceptional thermal insulation. With a porous surface, the wine stabilizes through slight oxidation; double the oxidative effects of oak! In today's wine world, there has been an insurgence of amphorae in wineries that farm organic or biodynamically. In following this biodynamic route, amphorae pots found in our 40 Knots cellar have been growing in numbers over the last year. All three of our amphorae come from Artenova in Florence, Italy.
40 Knots wine aged in amphorae:
The oak barrel is thought to be created by Spanish Celts around the fifth century BC. Embracing oak over amphorae around the 2nd century AD, the Romans and colonizing Europeans chose this transportation method for small goods and liquids. Most of the wine oak barrels that you’ll see around the world nowadays typically come from five main forests in central France or California and some of the eastern states. Wine flavors showcased from oak aging are spices, earthiness or a toasty characteristic and sometimes sweeter flavors of vanilla, caramel, and butterscotch. The barrels that you will find stacked in the 40 Knots cellar are from various areas in France.
40 Knots wine aged in oak:
Stainless Steel Tanks
With the creation of stainless steel in the early 20th century, winemakers began the journey of aging wine in stainless steel tanks. Unlike oak, a wine created in these airtight, neutral vessels imparts no flavors and undergoes no oxidation. Wine flavors formed to display the truest nature of the fruit, boasting crisp, clean and fresh characteristics. The 40 Knots cellar is filled with Italian tanks from a company called Albrigi out of Italy.
Look for these crisp, fresh wines in our portfolio. Unlike some other terroirs, there is no need to oak these beautiful whites as they are naturally full with lots of juiciness, and far from flat.
Celebrate New Year's Eve, or any other time that demands emphasis of flavor on the celebration, with our "in bottle" fermentation, French Traditional style bubbly!
Gift baskets made to order or pick one up today in our store. Got your Christmas cards out yet? Pick up one of our gift cards or we can e-send off! No expiry and may be used for purchases, vineyard tours, premium tastings and picnics.
Back by popular demand, check out our gift of Pinot box - Pinot Noir sale
!!!HUGE SALE ALERT!!!
From December 20 to December 24, you'll receive $25 off a case of wine! Just mention "I read about it on Megan's Blog"
Give us a call for Canada wide shipping options 855-941-8810, or visit us in the tasting room today.
Christmas hours: closed December 24 at 3pm, CLOSED ALL DAY December 25 & 26
New Years hours: closed December 31 at 3pm, CLOSED ALL DAY January 1 & 2
Thanks for following my blog posts for 2019! I look forward to picking up again next year in 2020. Please email me if there are topics you would like me to blog about, or if you ever have any questions about the blog. Or even better yet, stop in and see me at the winery!
“Just like a fine wine, you keep getting better with age”. We’ve all seen this Birthday Card for sale on the rack. The common misconception is that all wine surely does get better with age. This statement, however, is only true for a small number of wine types found around the world.
It is estimated that 90% of the wine is meant to be enjoyed within a year of production, and 99% of wine within 5 years.
For some of you, the goal is to drink wine when in the prime of its life. For most of you, it’s as soon as you bring it to an awkward family dinner party. Back in the day, the Old World regions (aka. Europe) were notorious for releasing wine that demanded a minimum 5-10 year lay down (think astringent, high tannin Barolo’s). Nowadays, you will find more and more European styles following New World regions (aka. anywhere that isn’t Europe) with wine that is ready to drink now.
Studies have shown that the average person waits 21 minutes between purchasing and opening a bottle of wine.
Tannin and acidity are structural elements that act as naturally occurring preservatives, allowing the wine to evolve without falling apart. Sugar and alcohol also factor in, but the body must be supported by tannin and acidity.
Because white wine grapes rarely go through skin contact after harvest, the lack of grape skin tannin is your first clue that white wine doesn’t have much age-ability (with the exception of Orange Wine). Many Chardonnay’s, however, have seen some barrel aging. This adds tannin from the oak barrel and creates the potential to lay that bottle down for several years. Because of current wine trends, an unoaked style of Chardonnay is quite popular in today’s market.
40 Knots White Wine
With all of our white wine grapes grown right here on Vancouver Island, our crisp and dry style white's are a perfect pairing with anything that comes out of our local ocean.
USUALLY BEST IN THE FIRST THREE YEARS
ONE FOR YOU AND FIVE FOR THE CELLAR, ENJOYABLE EVERY YEAR FOLLOWING
40 Knots Red Wine
Unlike wine from warmer climate regions, our estate reds are light in body and have soft tannins and moderate acidity.
STICK THIS ONE IN YOUR CELLAR!
Drinkable now and try on each year for the next 6-8 years. Prime is expected 3-5 years after vintage year.
DRINK NOW OR SAVE FOR MANY, MANY YEARS.
Sparkling bubbles will become very refined and soft with a baked brioche flavour, Trie Emily will be soft and deeply luscious, drink Safe Haven in 10 years while you sink deeply into your armchair and reminisce.
Stall Speed Collection Red Wine
These reds boast grapes coming in from the Okanagan Valley where the climate is slightly warmer.
At 40 Knots we have already done the aging process for you, with vintages ranging between 2008 and 2011.
If you DO decide to lay something down for a period of time, be sure that it is away from sunlight, vibrations, and temperature fluctuations. A cool basement emulates a cellar, so this is your best bet.
Ready to cross some Christmas gift purchases off of your “to-do” list? Visit us in the tasting room and get your custom gift basket- wrapped with your choice of goods, to your price point.
To barrel or not to barrel, to amphorae or not to amphorae: what are the different aging techniques BEFORE a wine is bottled? Stay tuned for my next blog post.
With the demand for natural consumer products on the rise, the pursuit of natural wine has become increasingly mainstream. With more and more negative effects being felt from consuming additives and unknown ingredients, the need for transparency has people delving deeper into what they are pouring into their glass.
So, what is natural wine? Simply put, it is a wine that has nothing added and nothing is taken away. Our mission at 40 Knots is to follow natural winemaking techniques while continuing to meet European natural winemaking requirements. This pursuit guides us from the vineyard to the cellar and right into the bottle. The process starts in the vineyard. Natural wine is made with grapes that are organically or biodynamically grown. Our biodynamic practices help us achieve this first step. In the cellar, there must be little to no intervention. Much natural wine created will not undergo fining or filtration, leaving the wine cloudy. Some winemakers will wait until all the sediment has fallen to the bottom of the tank, barrel or amphorae. For fining in the 40 Knots cellar, organically certified bentonite or compostable filter sheets are used to produce wine with a clear, un-cloudy appearance.
In contrast, conventional farming and winemaking have only been taking place for a few decades. With the need to uphold brand loyalty through consistency, there are adjustments that can be made to create a similar tasting product vintage to vintage. While all wine naturally contains low levels of sulfites, conventional wine allows for the addition of significantly more sulfites to help preserve the wine. Conventional methods actually allow up to 72 legal additives! Organic wine can still allow the same additions as conventional methods, as long as they are certified organic. 40 Knots assures above organic standards with natural quality and minimal intervention, from every vintage to every bottle.
As winemakers forge this naturally approached path through the love of the land; this will undoubtedly become a clear road carved out for future generations. While no legal definition of a "natural wine" currently exists, as the natural product market rises, so will awareness. This will surely connect us further to our surroundings, Mother Nature and life itself.
Want to impress your friends and family over this upcoming holiday season with something special!? One interesting style of trending natural wine produced at 40 Knots is the L’ORANGE. Never heard of an Orange method wine? In a nutshell, it is white wine grapes made in the style of a red. Long term skin contact and amphorae ageing with 0 grams per litre residual sugar is enough to make any Keto dieter sing. Stone fruit and orange zest on the nose yet the pallet boasts a spirit type quality. Think Grand Marnier without the sugar! Found at our cellar door during opening hours. We warmly invite you to visit us and taste.
Ever wonder how long you should cellar that bottle of vino? Or what ageing wine will do to the flavour components? Catch me next time, when I delve deeper into wine ageing techniques.
40 Knots grows and crafts high quality, ethical, clean wines that are distinct to Vancouver Island.
With harvest behind us, the 40 Knots cellar is a bustle of activity as our grapes now begin their journey to become wine. With a hands-off approach to winemaking, Layne's job is to coax natural fermentations where yeasts now convert natural sugars into alcohol.
The amount of alcohol in our wine is actually determined by the sugar levels in the grapes at the time of harvest. 40 Knots is known for the soft, easy-drinking wines with naturally lower alcohol levels, avoiding "hot" and unbalanced wine. Our styles are reminiscent of old-world natural wines. We allow a natural fermentation process converting sugars into alcohol, and finishing at the point of natural balance.
Over the last few months, I have posted about the main components found in wine – acid, tannin, sweetness and alcohol. I close off my four-part series now with Alcohol. So how do we decide on how much alcohol should go into the bottle? Well, we don’t. The natural fermentation process will carry on through converting sugars into alcohol, and quit at the point of natural balance. If a winemaker so chooses, there are techniques to add alcohol, including a process called fortification*. This will create a dessert wine of high alcohol and high sugar. Fortified wine’s include sherry, brandy and port*. There are also ways to reduce alcohol, such as boiling it off. This, however, will drastically reduce quality. If a winemaker decides to cultivate a wine with naturally low alcohol, the grapes can be harvested earlier when less sugar has yet to form.
So how do we test the alcohol level in our lab? Seen in the picture below is a traditional instrument, invented by the French, called an Ebulliometer. An Ebulliometer measures the current boiling point of water and then matches that with the boiling point of the wine in question. With the orbital slide calculator, you determine the % ethanol.
The proper alcohol percentage is essential for balance and structure of the final product. With all components in harmonious balance, you will find a wine of wonderful drinkability. At 40 Knots, we thrive upon balance both in the vineyard and the cellar. With our minimal intervention approach, we aim to craft wine of natural quality. This is our continued 40 Knots promise.
40 Knots French Traditional sparkling wines have naturally lower alcohol percentages as the grapes are harvested earlier than for still wine, with lower brix levels. With sparkling wines, this style goes through primary fermentation in a stainless steel tank and secondary fermentation in the bottle. First fermentation results in a lower alcohol, so when secondary fermentation takes place, it will not drive a high alcohol content, and thus resulting in a balanced wine. Spindrift, as an example, results in less than 10% in the primary fermentation, and finishing at a elegant 11% alcohol. Chardonnay for still wine is then harvested later in the season, with higher brix and pH which can result with the same alcohol percentage as our finished sparkling wine.
As an example, in our cool climate, a brix sugar level in our grapes of 20 will convert to just short of 11% alcohol. In a region such as California, with their big reds, where their grapes may exceed 30 brix when they harvest, this converts to an excess of 15% alcohol. Some wine in California even goes through a de-ethanization process to reduce the amount of alcohol.
In some styles of wine, usually where a very high residual sugar level is desired, such as a sweet dessert wine, the natural sugars from the grape may be retained in the bottle without adding sucrose, by stopping the fermentation early. Traditionally and today in Portugual, their port wine and our port-style, uses high percentage spirit addition that stops the yeast in the fermentation process.
*fortification is the addition of a spirit while fermenting wine is still naturally high in sugar, thus halting the fermentation process by keeping the sugar levels naturally high. Our *port style dessert wine is a delicious accompaniment to dark chocolate. But don't take my word for it, come try it out for yourself! Our 40 Knots tasting room is open all year round. Come enjoy a glass of port while taking part in our Music Trivia Nights, every Saturday night at 6:00pm.
But don't take my word for this. Check out our balanced wine for yourself! We are open all year for you to come and taste these wines for yourself, or bring your friends and join us in our Music Trivia Nights, every Saturday night at 6:00 pm.
with the growing demand for natural wine, have you ever wondered what in fact it actually is? Check out my next blog post to find out!
Wine, Wind and Sea.
With harvest well underway, the bounty of our 40 Knots vineyard is welcomed in the bucket loads, as the hard-working harvesters continue to snip our biodynamic grapes off of our naturally healthy vines. White wine grape varietals are typically put through a de-stemmer and grape press right after harvest. The ageing process for white wine generally happens in stainless steel tanks (with the exception of some Chardonnay’s and our Orange style wine). Rose's are pressed after 24 hours of skin contact. Red wines, however, are not pressed for 6-8 weeks. This allows the juices to be in contact with the grape skins/stems and pips (seeds) to create a tannin structure. Following this, the majority of reds are aged in amphora or oak barrels to add further this tannin structure along. In this vessel found below, the grape skins are floating on top of the juice where a wine cap punch down tool is used to mix up the skins with the juice, adding natural tannin.
Tannin is a naturally occurring phenolic compound, which gives the feeling of astringency and bitterness. This “drying” feeling taking place on the sides of your tongue and front part of your mouth and when well balanced with sugar, acid and alcohol levels, creates a wine of quality and age-ability.
40 Knots use Burgundy oak barrels to impart tannins. Other wineries may use a more affordable approach through the addition of oak chips or staves or adding a tannin powder. Oak tannins integrate into a wine quicker than naturally occurring tannins found from the skins. So, when putting a light-bodied, naturally lower tannic red like Pinot Noir into oak, it can create a wine of overwhelming tannins, especially when young. This can be avoided by using neutral oak barrels or a vessel that doesn’t impart further tannins.
Come in to 40 Knots and try the difference. Taste our uncloaked un-oaked Chardonnay and our lightly kissed by oak Chardonnay. Try our Pinot Noir fully amphora aged next to our burgundy aged. Try our shortly aged in oak Gamay against our Carmabolage with high tannin grapes and extensive ageing in Burgundy oak.
Belong to a Wine Lover's Group? Take a couple of our Burgundy oaked reds to taste against a commercial wine that uses staves.
Do you want to learn more about wine? Practise, practise, practise. And join us for one of our classes that you can find on our events calendar.
To finish off my four part series, my next blog post will be on alcohol in wine!
Sweetness in Wine
The Summertime in all its sweetness is drawing to a close. The leaves are changing colour and the first day of harvest in our 40 Knots vineyard has begun in our Schoenberger block.
At this stage of the grape growing cycle, sugar levels are monitored to decide if the grapes are ready to harvest by units called Brix. The volume of sugar levels can be measured with a small contraption called a refractometer by dripping the grape juice onto its detection lens.
One Brix equals 1% of sugar found in a liquid solution and usually equates to half of the alcohol in the final product. This means that a grape harvested at 20 Brix should equate to roughly 10% alcohol in the bottle.
Once the grapes are harvested and the juices start to ferment, the term Brix is no longer used and the residual sugar level is the unit of measurement. As a wine ferments, the sweetness drops and the alcohol levels rise. The term residual sugar is the sugar left over once the fermentation is complete. Wineries describe the residual sugars found in wine as grams per liter, this can be confusing as liquor retail shops use a “sweetness code” to rate the sugar levels found in wine. Here’s a handy charge to help better distinguish how much sugar is actually found in finished wine:
There are many different styles of sweet wine and different methods to achieve higher sugar levels if the natural sugars don't do so. Fortififying a wine is the addition of a grain or a grape spirit to halt the fermentation, keeping the natural sugar levels high, and our port style dessert wine is just that. Late harvest wine is achieved by leaving the grapes on the vine for a longer period of time to allow the grapes to bring on a good rot called botrytis. Our Trie Emily is a late harvest Sauterne style that is created with our Pinot Gris grapes.
Indeed a very rare wine
Want to learn how to harvest grapes without a huge commitment? Come join me for a harvest tour! Learn about the terroir, climate and growing stages of the vineyard, join the crew for a half-hour hand harvest session, and come inside for a refreshing glass of wine and a picnic lunch!
When looking at the quality of a wine, the most important step is to decipher if the wine is well balanced. Tannin, sweetness, acidity and alcohol are all key considerations. Over my next four blog posts, I will be touching on all of these components, what they mean, and how you can upgrade your palate by knowing what to look for.
ACIDITY IN WINE
In my previous blog post, #rootedincool, we discussed climate and acidity levels. Generally speaking, cooler climate regions produce wine of higher acidity. Winemakers follow the PH levels to rate acidity levels. If a wine has a high PH, that will mean that the acidity levels are on the lower end. Red wine, for the most part, has a lower acidity than white wine. Usually, if the wine is sweeter, the acidity levels will be high to match it. Acidity can be felt on the sides of your tongue and produce a mouth-watering feel. There are three main acids found in wine:
This is said to be the most important of the acids. Rarely found elsewhere in plant material, it hosts itself well in grapevines. It is a prominent component in maintaining chemical stability and also affects the color of the wine. Ever found small glass-like substances at the bottom of your wine glass? These “wine diamonds” are tartaric acid that has crystallized to become free-standing. Typically, winemakers will put the wine through a cold stabilization to encourage these tartrates to expel before bottling.
Added during primary fermentation to increase acidity, citric acid is naturally found in very small quantities in wine grapes. The addition of citric acid in old world regions, aka. Europe is prohibited. Cooler climate regions like ours in the Comox Valley requires less addition of what is naturally occurring, allowing us to leave the addition of citric acid out of the equation.
Malic acid is found in all fruits and berries. Its Latin translation is “apple” and its duty is to transport energy throughout the vine. Malic levels are at their highest just before the onset of sugars in the grape and this slowly dispels as the grape becomes riper. The trick is to harvest when the levels are just right!
If a winemaker chooses to decrease the levels of malic acid, wine can undergo a process called malolactic fermentation, or MLF, which is the conversion of malic acid to lactic acid. This will soften out any harsh acidity found in the wine. All of our 40 Knots red wine undergo MLF. This process in white wine is usually reserved for the Chardonnay grape. Chardonnay that does not undergo MLF would be considered a Chablis style (crisp and fresh), and our Uncloaked Chardonnay is just that.
Next blog post we will discuss sweetness in wine!
Two weeks away until our 2019 harvest folks! Want to get your hands dirty and take part in our harvesting without an entire day's commitment? Join us on a harvest tour! Get picking with the rest of our harvest crew as well as learning about our terroir, climate, and then learn how to harvest the grapes, pick with our pickers for 1/2 hour and join us up by the winery for a charcuterie lunch and a glass of wine. Plan for 1 ½-2 hours. Wear proper footwear, a hat and bring gloves if possible.
Wine, Wind and Sea.
The heat wave is upon us!! Our 40 Knots vineyard has experienced the highest heat on record since the new ownership of Layne and Brenda 4 years ago. Each vine has seen exponential growth since our cool spell in June. The crazy vine vigour has produced shoot ends 2 feet above our top wire. With this excellent level of health, we’ve simply got to manage the growth and keep the vines in check. The last few weeks we’ve been tucking and hedging. It’s been all hands on deck! What’s tucking and hedging you might ask? Let’s delve deeper.
Tucking is the process of pulling each vine through a trellis system called vertical shoot positioning (or VSP) so that they create those neatly managed rows that you have perhaps walked through once or twice before while strolling in our Vineyard Interpretive Trail /Visit-Us/Vineyard-Tour . It’s a system of 5 levels of wires where the leaves grow above and the fruit grows below at about 3 feet from the ground. We keep them neat and manicured so that they provide a perfect canopy for the grapes swelling up below them. The bottom aptly called the cordon wire, is where the fruit will grow and thrive. VSP is a good canopy management system in cool-climate viticultural parts of the world as it helps to enable buds and fruit to receive proper sunlight. Moving upwards are the movable catch wires that are clipped in to actually “catch” and train the upward growing vines. We have surpassed the “shotgun” phase, where the grapes are the size of just that.
Hedging is a pruning method of removing the tops of the shoots that grow above the trellis system. It essentially depresses vine growth vigor, allowing the vines to focus on fruit ripening as opposed to leaf growth. Once they’re tucked and secured with the final wire clipped in at the top, then our 6 bladed machine is driven through each row to take that manicure to the next level. Hedging is essentially giving our vines a buzz cut.
We achieve wonderful health of vines and green farming by not spraying with any pesticides whatsoever. Mustard seed oil and baking soda are all we need for a healthy environment and proper vine management. This controls disease and bugs and is completely biodynamic. Organic calcium is used for fungal spray. For fertigation, or the drip system used to insert fertilizers into the soil, we use liquid organic kelp a couple times a year and that’s all it takes to keep the roots happy- a little liquid goes a long way when you’ve got roots this deep. We’re so proud of our healthy Comox Valley vines, our methods are so natural, you could literally grab a leaf from the vine and eat it!
A wonderful slightly chilled BC red wine for the summertime is our coveted and recently bottled Gamay Noir. Beat the heat and come on by for a tasting!
*************** JUST RELEASED FOR SUMMER******************
40 Knots grows and crafts high quality, ethical, clean wines that are distinct to Vancouver Island.
Here at our 40 Knots Vineyard, located on the 49th parallel, we are #rootedincool. Our climate is similar to the Northern part of France and many of the German wine regions. The varieties proven over centuries in these areas thrive in our terroir.
With food trends moving towards more white meats, fish, vegan and vegetarian, our Estate wines naturally pair well. With wine trends moving towards lower alcohol, lower residual sugar, and higher acidity, our Estate wines are increasingly popular. Cool climate grape varietals are wonderfully suited to our location here in the Comox Valley. Pinot Gris with crisp bright green apple notes, Chablis style Chardonnay with soft hay and pineapple on the palate. White Seas, a local favorite, offers balance with juicy aromatics and mouth-watering acidity.
If you are looking for those bold reds, big tannins, high alcohol that cut through fat in a steak like no other wines, then we do have those too, under our Stall Speed brand. These grapes come from "warm climate" areas such as Naramata Bench and the Black Sage Bench in British Columbia.
July 15 201920190715
Fully ripe Chardonnay
Veraison - color change
Fully ripe Pinot Noir
Balance is a term used quite frequently in the wine world. At 40 Knots, we are able to achieve perfect balance without intervention in the cellar. Each fall, each row of vines of each variety is carefully checked daily for pH and Brix (sugar level). The day of harvest for each vine is decided by these levels and the weather forecast. This is not the easiest harvest using this method, however, when the grapes are perfect, intervention is not necessary. This is where our #rootedincool climate has a leg up to create the perfectly and naturally balanced wine.
Tannins develop naturally as grapes grow in the vineyard. They begin accumulating during fruit set and continue until veraison (when the grapes change color). Different grape varieties have different levels of tannins. Tannins, in part, function as grape’s sunscreen—the more light that reaches a grape’s surface, the more tannins the skins produce. Light intensity is a major influence in the development of skin tannins at higher altitudes. Because light intensity is lost as light travels through the atmosphere, the light reaching higher-altitude vineyards is more intense and therefore contributes to conditions that yield more intensely tannic wines.
At 40 Knots, canopy management is important. We have the ability to influence the type and amount of tannins that develop in our grapes. It is a balance of providing protection from sunburn, allowing airflow to keep grapes dry, allowing the sun to create tannin, and avoid irrigation so grapes and small and contain more tannin.
Visit our grapes!
Want to check out for yourself what stage the tannins are at? Take a stroll in our interpretive trail and join us in guided tasting/tour:
Or... not feeling that adventurous, taste the tannins in our tasting room. Our staff will walk you through taste comparisons of tannins.
Looking for a super ripe and juicy wine that is bone dry? This week we will be releasing our #rootedincool Sieg, just being bottled today.
In our next blog, we will take a closer look at the naturally occurring acids in wine: tartaric acid, malic acid, and citric acid.
If you have strolled through our vineyard lately, you will have noticed rapid growth. If you haven't had a chance to check out the vineyard for yourself through our self-guided interpretive trail, or one of our guided tours and tastings, read on... we have some exciting progress to tell you about.
"all you need to make great wine is great grapes. Grow them well and the grapes will make the most delicious wine"
Every year is unique and therefore every vintage is unique. 2019 has indeed started out as an interesting year. 40 Knot's vineyard saw early bud break, however, vines were slow to get any height.
And then......came the heat.
We are now ahead of 2015 growing degree days. I know that a lot of Canada has been a bit cold, but not here on Vancouver Island.
40 Knot's Vineyard grapes have now completed the flowering phase and with the dry hot weather, the fruit set has been perfect.
The canes are now ready to have a final tuck in the top wire on the VSP trellis.
This vigor will soon deplete in vertical growth and energy will be focussed on fruit development.
We have completed our pre and post liquid kelp application to grow our soil and provide nutrition.
The stuff smells bad... but it is an incredible product. Just two liters will cover two acres through irrigation lines (fertigation).
You can see these black irrigation/fertigation lines running through our entire vineyard. This is the most efficient means to transport the nutrients to the plant, and in turn, the grapes.
We do not irrigate after these applications. The roots are 12 to 16 feet deep and are very well established to provide energy to the vine drought condition.
Our vineyard interpretive trail is open year round, as well we have guided tastings and tours. Please give us a call when you are ready for the adventure or book on-line. With premium tastings available.
"Clean ethical wines are our promise. Great wines are not made in the tank and the barrel. Great wines come from the vineyard." Layne Robert Craig